DS3231 RTC Module
DS3231 RTC Module (Real-Time Clock Module) is used to track the current time and date and generally used in computers, laptops, mobiles, embedded system applications devices, etc.
It is also called the Real-Time Clock Module which is a low-cost, extremely accurate I²C RTC with a battery(Cell) and an integrated temperature-compensated crystal oscillator (TCXO) and crystal.
The built-in power-sense circuit continuously monitors the status of VCC to detect power failures and automatically switches to the backup supply. So, you need not worry about power outages, your MCU can still keep track of time.
The clock operates in both time format i.e. 24 hours and 12 hours with an AM/PM indicator.
There are different types of ICs used for RTC like DS1307, DS12C887, etc.
This RTC module has a total of 10 pins but some pins are the same.
- VCC:- To give power supply to module this pin is used and connected to 3.3V or 5V pin of Arduino.
- GND:- It is a ground pin and connects to the Arduino ground pin.
- SDA and SCL:- These are Serial Data pin and Serial clock pin which is used in I2C serial communication and connects with microcontroller’s I2C pins.
- SQW:- This is Square Wave pin is driven at either 1Hz, 4kHz, 8kHz or 32kHz and handled programmatically.
- 32K:- The RTC DS3231 uses an external crystal of frequency 32 kHz which gives output stable and accurate reference clock.
DS3231 RTC Specifications
|I2C interface||Fast (400kHz) I2C Interface|
|EEPROM||AT24C32 32Kbit Serial I2C|
|Time Format||HH: MM: SS (12/24 hr)|
|Accuracy||±2ppm from 0°C to +40°C|
|Accuracy||±3.5ppm from -40°C to +85°C|
|1Hz output pin||SQW|
|32KHz output pin||32K|
|Voltage Supply||2.2V to 5.5V for RTC|
|Operating Voltage (VCC)||2.7V ~ 5.5V (including 24C32)|
|Operating Temperature Ranges||For Industrial (-40°C to +85°C) and Commercial (0°C to +70°C)|
|Battery Holder||2032 Coin Battery|
|Size||38 x 22 x 14 mm|
|Weight||8 gm (including Battery)|
RTC Module Features
- DS3231 RTC module had a 2032 Battery Holder.
- This RTC module counts time in seconds, minutes, hours, date of the month, month, day of the week and year with leap year (valid up to 2100).
- We Programmed two time-of-day alarms.
- Programmable Square-Wave Output Signal.
- Had Battery backup for continuous timekeeping.
- Use Low Power Operation which extends Battery run time.